C Era of Joshua `Kings and Prophets of Israel
Following settlement in the land of Canaan
God's redemption plans follow on from Moses' Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus
Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy), into the book of Joshua, right through
to the prophetic book of Malachi.
After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the
Lord said to Joshua Son of Nun, Moses' assistantc..
1406 BCE ~ Having lived a half-nomadic life for 40 years, the Israelites,
led by Joshua, enters into Canaan, conquers town after town and settles
into a life centred on farming.
The era of Judges: 450 years after conquering
Canaan, the Israelites enter into a period of history under the rule of
12 Judges, starting with Othniel.
Othniel ¨ Ehud ¨ Shamgar ¨ Deborah, Barak ¨ Gideon ¨ TOla ¨ Jair ¨ Jephthah
¨ Ibzan ¨ Elon ¨ Abdon ¨ Samson
The era of Kings:
Following the reign of Kings Saul, David and Solomon, the nation of Israel
is divided into South and North Kingdoms.
In the Northern Kingdom (capital Samaria), 20 Kings held the reign (starting
with Jeroboam) during the period of 930 to722 BCE. In 721BCE Samaria falls
into the hands of Assyria.
In the Southern Kingdom (capital Jerusalem), 20 Kings (starting with Rehoboam)
ascended to the throne in the period between 930 and 586 BCE. In 587 BCE,
Babylon captures Jerusalem.
The Babylonian exile occurs in three batches: 605, 597 and 586 BC
Jerusalem enters a 70-year rest (period of inactivity).
538BCE, the return to Jerusalem begins
516BCE, the rebuilding of the Jerusalem temple is completed.
The era of Prophets:
In this period, God-appointed prophets convey God's message to Israel
Prophets active in 9th century BCE: Israel - Elijah,
Judah - Obadiah? Joel
Prophets active in 8th Century BCE: Israel - Amos,
:Judah - Isaiah, Micah
Prophets active in 7th century BCE: Nahum, Zephaniah, Habakkuk
Prophets active in 6th century BCE: Jeremiah from Jerusalem
Ezekiel and Daniel from Babylon
Prophets active in 5th century: Zechariah, Malachi
Prophecy of Christ (Messiah)
The first prophecy concerning the coming of a Saviour: Genesis 3:15 -
the beginning of anti-Judaism.
The second prophecy concerning the coming of a Saviour: Genesis 4:17
Prophecy of the Saviour's coming by Enoch: Judah 14-15 (Genesis 5:21-24,
Prophecy of blessings upon Israelites by Noah: Genesis 9:25-27
Leviticus 23 : God's appointed feasts
Their relation to the events of 'passion week' of Christ (and beyond).
1) Passover feast:: 14th day of 1st month (Abib or Nisan - Spring festival
Foreshadow of God's plan of salvation, the atonement by Jesus' blood,
Jesus' death on the Cross. Leviticus 23:4-5, Exodus 12:1-14, 1Cor 5:7
2) Feast of Unleavened bread: 15th-21st day of 1st Month
Preparation for holiness. Through Jesus' atoning blood, those who believe
will be made righteous: communion with God in the Holy
Leviticus 23:6-8, Exodus 12:15-20, Romans 3:23-26, 1 Corinthians 5:6-8.
3) Feast of the Firstfruits: 17th day of 1st Month
Guarantee of deliverance from death for those who believe in the Lord:
Resurrection of Christ.
Leviticus 23:9-14, I Cor 15:20-23
4) Feast of seven full weeks (Pentecost):
6th day of 3rd month (Sivan - May/June)
50 days after the Passover: coming of the Holy Spirit
as the Father had promised.
Leviticus 23:15-21, Acts 2:1
5) Feast of the trumpet: 1st day of the
7th month (Tishri)
Jews who had for long been scattered all over the world, gather in the
Holy Land; the second coming of Jesus.
Leviticus 23:23-25, Isaiah 27:12-13, Joel 2:1-3:21, Matthew 24:31, 1
Cor 15:51-52, 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17, Revelation 11:15
6) Feast of atonement: 10th day of 7th month
The Jews accept their Messiah and are released from sin and unbelief.
For them, this will be a day of mourning and grief for their sins: the
finality of Jesus' atoning power for all the people of the world.
Leviticus 23:26-21, Ch16, Zecharaiah 12:10-14,13:1
7) Feast of Tabernacles: 15th-22nd of 7th
month (September/October Autumn festival)
This is a joyous festival celebrating the completion of the harvest, rejoicing
in the completed work of God's salvation.
Completion of the second coming: the establishment of
God's Kingdom under the rule of Jesus on the earth.
Leviticus 23:33-34, Deuteronomy 16:15, Nehemiah 8:13-17, Ezra3:4, Zecheriah
1)-4): Spring festivals that have already been fulfilled
The period between 4) and 5) is a long summer period in wait for harvest
5)-6): Autumn festivals that are yet to happen.
The whole Bible is a prophetic book
The Hebrew bible was regarded by Jesus himself as having supreme authority,
and was written under the guidance of God's Spirit. It is accurate and
a book that is reliable above all other literature.
Just as Jesus clearly stated; ' Do not think that I have come to abolish
the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them, but to fulfill
them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the
smallest letter, nor the least stroke of the pen, will by any means disppear
from the Law until everything is accomplished.' (Matthew 5:17-18), what
is described in the Scriptires as God's words 'logos' and God's spoken
words 'rhema' will surely be fulfilled.
See how Elizabeth expressed her heartfelt blessings and joy for Mary who
believed in God's words telling of her virgin birth in these spirit-filled
words: 'Blessed is she who has believed what the Lord has said to her
will be accomplished.' (Luke 1:45)
The 24th book of the Hebrew bible (there are 39 in total) lists the many
prophecies that were fulfilled by Jesus Christ, as seen in his birth,
ministry, atoning death on the cross, resurrection, ascension, work of
the Holy Spirit, Work of the dicsiples that continues even to today.
I will now list some examples of how accurate God's prophecies are, by
comparing the prophetic utterings in the Old Testament, with specific
incidents recorded in the book of Luke.
Gospel of Luke
to David's throne
Birth in Bethlehem
2:4`5, :7, :15
| The ministry of John the Baptist
Malachi 3G1, 4F5D
one anointed with oil
Light to the Gentiles
Isaiah 42:1, :6
Betrayal by disciples
Criticism and unjust trial
The rejected Messiah
Psalm 41:9, 35:11
Isaiah 53, 49:7
The Good Shepherd
Entry into Jerusalem on a donkey
Over 300 prophecies relating to Jesus in the Bible have
already been fulfilled to 100% accuracy. According to statistical calculation,
the probablity of over 300 prophecies being fulfilled in the short 36
years of a single lifetime is '1 in 830000000'! The
remarkable accuracy of the Bible highlights the fact that it is a Holy
Spirit-inspired book that far exceeds human knowledge.